How to get pregnant: It is generally accepted that barren marriage is the absence of pregnancy in a woman of childbearing age for 1 year of regular sexual activity without the use of any contraceptive. Therefore, if you and your partner have been trying regularly for more than a year to conceive a baby, but your attempts have not yet yielded results, you must look for a reason. Such a cause may be a violation of the reproductive system of one or both partners, and the malefactor is as common as the female one.
In preparation for pregnancy, not only a woman should be examined, but also a man. Modern researchers are increasingly pointing to the multifaceted nature of the problem of barren marriage, in the solution of which gynecologists, reproductologists, andrologists, and psychotherapists should take part. However, the first specialist contacted by couples experiencing difficulties with the onset of pregnancy is an obstetrician-gynecologist.
How to get pregnant
In some cases, couples resort to assisted reproductive technologies (ART). These include:
- IVF (in vitro fertilization) – is used in case of low sperm quality or in case of physiological features that impede the fertilization of the egg with a sperm. Ovum fertilization occurs in vitro, after which the embryo is transferred to the uterus.
- Cryopreservation of the embryo. If the previous attempt at artificial insemination failed, another embryo can be transferred.
- Artificial insemination – the movement of sperm into the uterus. It is produced if the sperm can not independently fertilize the egg or in the case when a single woman wants to become a mother using donated sperm.
- ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) – used for male infertility, with low sperm activity. The sperm is injected into the cytoplasm of the oocyte (an immature form of future eggs).
- Surrogacy. If a woman is physically unable to conceive and bear a child, her fertilized egg is transferred to the uterus of a surrogate mother, who carries and gives birth to a child for this couple.
One of the most popular forms of ART is in vitro fertilization or IVF. Many couples ask how many IVF procedures are needed to get pregnant. It is rather difficult to unequivocally answer this question. However, statistics from the 2016 Russian Human Reproduction Association indicate that about 34.8% of IVF cases in Russia led to pregnancy and childbirth per cycle.
After embryos are transferred to the uterine cavity, pregnancy diagnosis by the content of hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) in the blood or urine can be carried out after 12-14 days. Ultrasound diagnostics is carried out starting from the fourth week after the procedure. Based on these studies, experts conclude that IVF is successful.
To determine pregnancy from the first day of delayed periods, do a home test with test rapid pregnancy tests.